Confederation Speech

My name is Charles Fox Bennett, premiere of Newfoundland. To conclude, no, we would not like confederation. we are going to be staying independent for a multitude of reasons.

As previously stated, we are currently perfectly fine being somewhat independent. Based on all of the factors involving our current state, we are not only economically stable, but have a strong responsible government, and if we were to confederate, newfoundland would lack in representation due to the concept of rep by pop. A lot of our power would be lost in the confederation of Canada, and for now it is not important for us to join together, however we will continue to support and assist confederation on the side.

Hypothetically, if we were to confederate, we would no longer continue to be a burden to the British and lessen the probability of economic failure. Our fishing and logging industry can be unpredictable, much like the British’s monetary support for us, but these “benefits” like the Railway have little to no impact on us. You can take all the notes you want to debate against me, but you can’t deny that Newfoundland joining confederation would have less benefits for us specifically, then negative consequences, and playing the future card is invalid, because no one knows what’s going to happen in the future.

Going through with confederation would take away most of our independence and power we already have, along with our Newfoundland identity, and with all these factors in play, we lean more to the side of no confederation.

With all due respect, just because we decline joining in with confederation does not mean we isolate ourselves and our resources. You must keep in mind that although we do not want to confederate, we are happy to assist and provide what is needed, because in the end, we should all be in this together.

KEV Talks

My inquiry question was “How has neanderthal DNA affected humans today?”

Works Cited
Gregory, Michael D., et al. “Neanderthal-Derived Genetic Variation Shapes Modern Human Cranium and Brain.” Nature News, Nature Publishing Group, 24 July 2017,
“Neanderthal DNA Has Subtle but Significant Impact on Human Traits.” – News and Articles on Science and Technology,,
“New Clues to How Neanderthal Genes Affect Your Health.” National Geographic, National Geographic Society, 5 Oct. 2017,
Panko, Ben. “How Ancient Neanderthal DNA Still Influences Our Genes Today.”, Smithsonian Institution, 24 Feb. 2017,
Riley, Alex. “How Our Ancient Origins Are Guiding Modern Medicine.” PBS, Public Broadcasting Service, 13 July 2017,
VanderbiltUniversity. “Neanderthal DNA Has Subtle but Significant Impact on Human Traits.” YouTube, YouTube, 11 Feb. 2016,
“Why Am I Neanderthal?” Genographic Project,

Independent Investigation II

To what extent did Tecumseh contribute to the war of 1812? 

My independent investigation focused more on the contribution Tecumseh had in the war of 1812, told from the perspective of my imaginary character “Bineshii.” I chose to focus on this topic, because of how important yet underrated the First Nations were and still are. I believe it’s important for me to spend more time researching and learning about indigenous peoples, because of how much they’ve impacted Canada today.


I have decided to keep a record of my journeys during this frightening time. My name is Bineshii, and I am the second in command to Tecumseh, our Shawnee Chief.

Tecumseh is a very important person. I know everything about his origin, because he trusts me with his life. He was born in Ohio during 1768. He has come from an incredibly bold background, filled with indigenous peoples that fought for their rights and their land. His father, Pukeshinwau, was a minor Shawnee chief who was killed in the Battle of Point Pleasant in 1774. Actually, it has just come across my mind that Tecumseh is a lot like his father.


In order to understand this war, you must understand its causes. Although we are not directly connected to the reasoning behind this battle, we will bravely participate to protect. Our ally, Great Britain, has caused major controversy between the Americans. The British have refused to keep their word and surrender their western forts as promised in the Treaty of Paris, overall attacking America’s authority.

After the battle for independence from Great Britain, there has been continued tension. This fight, this war, has become a war for territory, for land. The British have continued to ally with us, encouraging us to fight back and stand our ground. How incompetent does everything think we are?

Recently, our territory has been getting invaded without permission. We will fight to the death to protect our people and homes. I can only hope that in the future, we will have the right and respect our lands deserves. Oh yes, and if most of the British patronizing us is not enough, they have also decided to discontinue American ships from trading with France, and then drafting them into the Royal Navy. Yes, this is beneficial to us in a sense, but it also creates more conflict and danger for our people as a whole. Nonetheless, I am grateful for the support Great Britain is providing. Helping us fight for our land, providing support, without them this would not be possible.


Time has passed. It is now August of 1812, and a plethora of events have happened. The Americans have declared war against the British and Ireland. I am writing this out of fear, but also pure excitement and disbelief. A British man titled Major General Isaac Brock, has traveled to us, Amherst burg, where we have just organized an attack on Fort Detroit. Let me rephrase. A powerful white man has taken time out of his life to negotiate and meet with Tecumseh and warriors such as myself. This truly is a new era in history.

The meeting was much more casual and polite than expected. When the ceremonies occurred, Tecumseh demonstrated power and wisdom, his leadership skills thriving. Brock was incredibly impressed and exemplified his respect for Tecumseh. I just hope that this new friendship will not go to waste.

ENTRY #26 

Success! With all of our men together, we have managed to captured Detroit! All of this, quite impressively, without losing any of our warriors. I understand that this is not the beginning of British and native interaction, but it is a major event in our history. Easily defeating the Americans felt extravagant.

ENTRY #113 

ENTRY #114 

ENTRY #115 

It is over. It happened on the fifth of October, Battle of Thames. Only days ago, we were defeated by Americans, by General William Harrison’s army. Only days ago, Tecumseh died in battle. He fought for three hours non-stop. If I could get my hands on the white man who killed him, he would be dead in no time.

ENTRY #120 

This will be my last journal entry. When Tecumseh died, we did as well. I recall speaking to him when he was alive. He spoke about wanting our territory back, about protecting our people, but he also mentioned more. He mentioned the Americans, the British, about them becoming independent. His goal was to make our nations independent. Now that he has passed on, it is over. We have given up, and there is no going back. My belief in the future has faded away. Goodbye.

Continuity and Change: 

This was vaguely mentioned in the journal entries, but in the past Indigenous peoples have been treated wrongly. Comparing the current time and the past, the two are very similar. We continue to treat first nations the same way we did in the past, by taking advantage of their rightful land, an example of this is being the Kinder Morgan pipeline. Although, much like when Isaac Brock visited, we are beginning to recognize more and more about first nation’s land, but not enough.

Cause and Consequence:  

In “ENTRY #4” Bineshii spoke about the main causes of the war of 1812, specifically how the British did not live up to their promises, and how they continued to create conflict with the Americans. Some examples of this are the restrictions placed on their trade, their ships, and the drafting of American soldiers.

The first year of the war of 1812 served as an embarrassment to Americans, because of the alliance between the British and the First Nations. Simultaneously, the Federalist Party (founded by Alexander Hamilton) began to decline in popularity because they opposed having a war against the British. In the end of the war, the only impact was establishing borders. There had been no real winner or loser, but the Americans had held up against the global superpower once again, exemplifying their independence.

Conclusion: Based on my research, Tecumseh was a major factor in the War of 1812. He provided great wisdom and respect, and was an amazing ally with the British. Without Tecumseh, there would have been a much more obvious winner, and with his leadership, he was able to lead the British and First Nation’s to the destruction of American troops during the Siege of Fort Detroit. I also had to keep in mind that Tecumseh is not the only factor in this situation. He also inspired his people to fight and protect, proven when he was killed protecting British troops. Tecumseh is considered the most humble, the most savage, and a First Nation’s legend.



“Causes and Effects of the War of 1812.” MrNussbaumcom Samuel De Champlain Biography for Kids Comments,
Marsh, James H. “Tecumseh.” The Canadian Encyclopedia,
Northern Affairs Canada. “Exhibit: Aboriginal Contributions to the War of 1812.” Government of Canada; Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada, 16 Feb. 2016,
“Summer 1812: British General Isaac Brock and Shawnee Leader Tecumseh Form an Alliance (U.S. National Park Service).” National Parks Service, U.S. Department of the Interior,
Canada: A People’s History Episode 5 “A Question of Loyalties”
Crossroads Chapter 9 – “Canada and the War of 1812”

Ecological Footprint

My ecological footprint is 7.05 hectares. To be exact, here are my calculations:

Water: 0.95

Clothing: 1.15

Stuff: 0.40

Shelter: 0.20

Transportation: 1.20

Fun: 1.10

Food: 2.05

I am actually pretty proud of my ecological footprint, in comparison to some other people’s in our class, like Jerome’s (8.35) and Kimi’s (16.45). Yoonha also did pretty well, coming in with a 7.35, but even though we got decent scores, there’s always room for improvement. Analyzing the data collected, I’ve come to the conclusion of my top 10 issues.

  1. Being on a digital device for 1+ hours.
  2. Wasting ¼- of my food.
  3. Showering for 3-6 minutes.
  4. Receiving new clothing.
  5. Wearing ½ of my clothes.
  6. Taking transportation.
  7. Warm/hot water usage.
  8. Garbage (ie. plastic wrapper).
  9. Not composting.
  10. Eating non-local, imported food.

What I’m actually planning to do is something along the lines of this:

  1. Shower for a shorter period of time to reduce water usage and power.
  2. Walk. I walk a good amount currently, but on the occasionally lazy days I’ll bus, which is understandable. Although, just because something is understandable, that doesn’t mean it should be done continuously.
  3. Donate or hand down small or unneeded clothing to my brother or charity. I don’t wear half the clothes I own, so it’d be beneficial to not only others, but me as well, in the organizational aspect and being able to tidy my life up a bit more.
  4. Finish my food. Little food scraps matter, and so if I ever do come across the event of leftover food, rather than letting it rot and waste away, finish it while I’m able to.
  5. Use less garbage. This is self-explanatory, but hard to do. I’ll elaborate during reflection.


Well that was harder than I thought. To be honest, it really wasn’t that bad, because whenever I went through processes that I thought was difficult, there was this constant reminder, “people have it worse” which pushed me to complete my tasks. And actually, finishing food and showering for shorter was really easy. I know that some people can get carried away showering, but to me it was relatively simple, as long as I had the right mindset and remembered to get out quick. When finishing food, at no point in time did I feel like “heck, I’m going to leave this one part of a meal I really liked because I simply can’t be bothered,” allowing me to complete my task and finish my food. Despite the easy jobs, the most difficult action had to be using less garbage. I’ve never actually realized how much waste and garbage I use on a daily basis, from plastic wrapping of food to toilet paper, there are so many things that I’ve overlooked everyday. I faced having to resist temptations to snack because of boredom, memories connected to old clothing, the hot sun cooking me alive while walking home from school, and more. I pushed through it, but almost caved numerous amounts of times. The only reason I was able to persevere, was because of that “people have it worse” outlook. Overall it was a good experience that I’m glad I went through and experienced, and I plan to change my life little by little like this, just in more effective ways that currently.

The Story of Tonight

“The story of tonight” begins with a drunk but upbeat and happy toast in a bar. Although this song exemplifies the revolutionary spirit of Hamilton and his friends, it is mostly a filler song, and is nowhere near historically accurate. It does not advance the plot, however it continues the beliefs and thought processes of these four individuals. This song includes Marquis de Lafayette, John Laurens, Hercules Mulligan, and Alexander Hamilton, four rebellious, determined adults looking for a change. “The story of tonight” reiterates how all four of them want to leave a legacy for future generations, while also fighting for acceptance and equality. This sense of accomplishment and acceptance is shown when they sing, “And when our children tell our story…” blatantly representing their want of being recognized and remembered.

Image result for the story of tonight

In 1840, John Church Hamilton wrote a two-volume biography on his father, Alexander Hamilton, speaking about his life experiences, and in February 2015, Lin-Manuel Miranda created the musical, “Hamilton,” telling the story of Alexander, and fulfilling the line, “And when our children tell our story…” The first line from the song, “I may not live to see our glory,” acknowledges the possible death involved and how they continue to preserver throughout it which would be considered heroic at this day and age. However, during Hamilton’s era, the idea of rebellion and retaliating against a global superpower would have never come to mind, because of the lack of belief in victory.

The big idea I related this most to, is “Emerging ideas and ideologies profoundly influence societies and events.”

After meeting, these individuals began to gain a sense of acceptance and hope listening to one another’s motivation and wants, connecting the end goals together, advancing their rebellious mindset, and sparking the start of a revolution. Without this meeting occurring, the revolution would have never started, and these four friends would have never sparked. They continuously state that “Tomorrow there’ll be more of us,” realizing that if this idea of change is taught to others, they could start a movement and a change, but without it, nothing will change.

To me, this song has a deeper meaning then the surface idea of revolution. There is this feeling of acceptance and belonging that these friends are looking for, whether they understand it or not. It isn’t only fitting in with those around them, but being at playing level with Britain and other influential people. The line “Tomorrow there’ll be more of us, stuck with me, because of the importance that it holds. By simply passing around these revolutionary thoughts, a few people can spark a change and grow a cause.

“Tomorrow there’ll be more of us.” This line represents the beginning of their battle, and to me it also shows concept of family or acceptance. In one of the letters Hamilton sends to Laurens, he states that he is engaged and apologizes for falling in love. He apologizes, because they somewhat had a relationship going on, and in this letter, he says at the end, “The lads all sympathize with you and send you the assurances of their love,” which to me, is a strong example of this idea of family, and becoming part of a movement where everyone has a common cause, where everyone is accepted.

“And when our children tell our story…” To me, this is the most important line in the song. It outlines all four of their wants, and is the main idea of the whole song. These four friends not only want to be someone or prove themselves, they also want to change their future generation’s lives. When they say “And when our children tell our story…” they’re setting a mental goal, and when they achieve said goal, only then will they feel accomplished.

“I may not live to see our glory.” The reason why this line is so important is because of the dedication and emotion it holds. These four men are putting their lives at stake for something they believe in, something that benefits those they fight for more than themselves. They full acknowledge the fact that they may not survive their battles, yet continue to persevere through it. Now, considering our era and what our values and thought process is like today, this is completely acceptable. People are fighting for what they believe in and what they believe is right, or should be right. Rewind this to Hamilton’s era, and there it becomes completely different. Everyone was taught the norm, no one had the confidence to stand up, or even think about a change.

Image result for the story of tonight

Final In-depth post

Holy cow. I’m not going to lie, it’s been a crazy last few weeks. In-depth has appeared out of nowhere, much like everything else in TALONS.

My biggest struggle has been attempting to keep up with everything going on around me, considering the adventure trips have been getting in the way of my school schedule. It’s been insane, having a business project where we’re selling goods in between trips, kayaking for the entire weekend, keeping an exercised body for PE, and attempting to finish academic work on time. Factoring this into eating, extra curricular, and sleeping, well, let’s just say some of my homework has been at a higher priority than sleep. New projects and jobs have been assigned as well, and as I’m writing this, I have over ten tasks to complete within the next 3 days. All I’m hoping, is that there’s going to be a lot more relaxation time soon.

What I’m planning to do next, is finalize some sketches and pieces I’ve created, nothing too big. I would also like to clarify that I’m not the best artist, but I am going to be continuing sketching and drawing people well into the future, considering how enjoyable it has become.

Presentation wise, I can’t really do much on stage, no matter how badly I would like to. I’m definitely keeping in mind the presentation portion of in-depth for next year, and even though I feel like I’ve said this too many times, I’m really hecking ready for next year. I’ve been continuously thinking about a few skills that I’d love to learn and even master, keeping it in the back of my mind. This year, I will probably showcase a few of my creations, maybe continue a sketch while speaking and communicating with people passing by, overall having an extremely calm and chill learning centre. I want this year’s in-depth to be something that I will look back on and think,

“That was a good starting point, but let’s make it better the second time.”

Hamilton: Big Ideas

Emerging ideas and ideologies profoundly influence societies and events

“Inside, he was longing for something to be a part of
The brother was ready to beg, steal, borrow, or barter”

These lines represent the thought process of Hamilton at the time, having bad experiences and essentially starting out with nothing. He begins to gain this idea of achieving something, doing good for his future, beginning to realize that in order to accomplish this, sacrifices must be made.

Disparities in power alter the balance of relationships between individuals and between societies.

“Another immigrant
Comin’ up from the bottom”

Representing the difference between cultures and origins, this line explains how individuals are beginning to rise up due to their efforts, while simultaneously bringing up the values of people at that time, specifically the social classes that were beginning to change.

Collective identity is constructed and can change over time.

“Left him with nothin’ but ruined pride, something new inside
A voice saying
‘You gotta fend for yourself.’
He started retreatin’ and readin’ every treatise on the shelf”

After losing family Hamilton hits a sudden realization that he has to be his protection in this world, because there’s no one left for him. He begins to start educating himself in order to achieve his dream and to fend for himself, his outlook on life changing immensely.

The physical environment influences the nature of political, social, and economic change.

“In New York, you can be a new man”

Hamilton as well as the people in the Caribbeans knew that there would be no hope if he stayed, and this line represents this opportunity that he had. That in order to achieve his dream and become something, acknowledgement of his current environment needed to thought about. This line means, “In order to be great, you must go somewhere where people learn to be great.”

Independent Investigation

Here is a video that hasn’t been made at 3AM this time.


1.    ch-iroquois-wars/





Grade 10 Ind Investigation consulted:


In-Depth v5

To clarify, I have created a few illustrations of people posing, with a little bit of sketches on the side, but choose not to have them placed step by step on this post. Rather, I will post one of the the finished sketches, describing my issues and going a little in-depth into it.

(to clarify, more then this has been done, but I would like to work on it for the presentation)
I went through a step by step process (that I will show when presenting), of starting out with a model of the body strictly with shapes, learning that the average height of an adult is 7x their own head’s height, and from there I began to shape up the body a little bit. I picked a point where light was going to come from, and at that point on Grace walked me through shading, positioning, etc. When I finished my first attempt, we came across an issue, being my awkward proportions for the body. She told me that typically the shoulder-blades and body were supposed to be shaped differently, and less like a caveman’s arms would be, so I slimmed it down, added a few more details, then decided to finish sketching and to start finelining. At this point, I had gotten the hang of it, due to some previous experience shading landscapes, and eventually finished it. I do need to work on the blending of my shading, making sure that when finelining the shadow instead looks smooth, rather than jagged and rough. The reason why there are so many sketches of hands on the outside, is because we decided that I needed to work on my hands. If you couldn’t tell, the hand that I drew on is nowhere near perfect and took a lot of effort to even get it to that. A few things I learned about drawing hands, is that the palm and fingers are about the same size, taking up half of the actual hand, and that shading or contrast plays a big part in a natural looking hand.


To answer the questions, my mentor hasn’t really provided me with any learning opportunities, but has given me opportunities to pursue art, specifically providing art competitions and different types of art options for me to continue with, both teaching new art skills while practicing previo   us learnt skills, challenging me to succeed.

Usually, when I meet with my mentor we only talk about the artwork, but she occasionally mentions how some struggles I have happened to her children previously, her children having won a good amount of art competitions.

Something going pretty well in our mentoring relationship, is how we haven’t run into any awkward moments or conversations because we have both acknowledged my flaws and difficulties in work.

I’ve learnt a lot about her family and her ways/thoughts on politics or any relevant events that happen in the world in general. I may not agree with all of them, but it’s enjoyable to have a casual conversation about something other than art from time to time.

Letter to Frederick Hamilton-Elizabeth-Samuel James XXVIII

To my old friend Frederick Hamilton-Elizabeth-Samuel James XXVIII,

I bring you a letter filled with serious concern. Do not speak of this with anyone until further confirmation is received, but after the death of old Maria Janice Robert XIV’s husband, I’ve gained the strong suspicion that the woman’s a witch. Yes, I understand that I’ve accused 54 other widows of witchery solely based on the fact that they were poor, independent, and smart, but this time I am certain. Not only is she catholic, but there have been rumours going round speaking of a magical healing liquid she’s been providing. The reason why I am hesitant to announce this information to Hopkins, is because she may come in handy. Did you notice how the hag was one of the few peasants that survived that massive cat incident? Even still, her power must be supplied by the devil, so we must eliminate her right away. Actually, with the recent wave of false jailing, I’ve become worried whether this god and devil idea is real. I am mostly worried about the king. James VI has been performing some questionable acts lately, most of which hinder the Magna Carta. Now I’m not saying the Magna Carta is a good thing, but do you not think that it is somewhat controversial how our so called “God” would be disobeying rules? What if this “Divine Right of Kings” concept is bogus? You didn’t hear this from me, but I’ve begun to feel like this guy’s losing his marbles. Possibly witchcraft, but who knows? Whatever it is, I think that we’ve got to play it casual from this point on, brother. Witchery or corruption, our money’s staying safe.


Sir John Maximus-Wilburton-Barrows Cornelius XVII